Sioux History and Dates of American Statehood




This page features points in Sioux history as they coincided with the founding dates of U.S. states. 

Also shown below is a visual collection of early American flags.

The image shown above is America's first flag, known as the Grand Union flag. It was designed and created in 1777, soon after the signing of the Declaration of Independence.

Subsequent American flags show stars to represent states, and most of them have 13 red and white alternating stripes, to represent the original 13 colonies. 

Scroll down for a list of all 50 states, ranked in order of the date each state was founded. For more Native American history, American culture, American flags and photos, visit any of the links shown on this page. 

 








the founding of u.s. states


STATE NAME                         FOUNDING DATE

 

1. DELAWARE                         December 7, 1787

2. PENNSYLVANIA                   December 12, 1787

3. NEW JERSEY                       December 18, 1787

4. CONNECTICUT                    January 9, 1788

5. GEORGIA                           January 2, 1788

6. MASSACHUSETTS               February 6, 1788

7. MARYLAND                         April 28, 1788

8. SOUTH CAROLINA               May 23, 1788

9. NEW HAMPSHIRE                June 21, 1788

10. VIRGINIA                         June 25, 1788

11. NEW YORK                       July 26, 1788

 

The people of early Sioux History referred to years as winters, and measured them from the first snow of one year to the first snow of the following year. The Lakota people named each Winter for an important event that took place during that time. Among one Lakota tribe, the time of the induction of America's first eleven states was known only as Left-the-Heyoka-Man-Behind Winter. 

 

12. NORTH CAROLINA             November 21, 1789

13. RHODE ISLAND                 May 29, 1790

14. VERMONT                         March 4, 1791






15. KENTUCKY                        June 1, 1792

16. TENNESSEE                      June 1, 1796

17. OHIO                               March 1, 1803

18. LOUISIANA                       April 30, 1812

19. INDIANA                           December 11, 1816

20. MISSISSIPPI                     December 10, 1817

21. ILLINOIS                          December 3, 1818

22. ALABAMA                         December 14, 1819

23. MAINE                             March 15, 1820

24. MISSOURI                        August 10, 1821

25. ARKANSAS                       June 15, 1836

26. MICHIGAN                        January 26, 1837

 

According to Sioux History, 1837 was known as Fight-on-Ice Winter, in reference to a slippery but successful battle with the Pawnees on the frozen Platte River.

 

27. FLORIDA                          March 3, 1845

28. TEXAS                             December 29, 1845

29. IOWA                               December 28, 1846

 

To one particular Sioux tribe, the year of 1846 became known as Broke-Out-On-Faces-Had-Sore-Throats Winter.

 

30. WISCONSIN                     May 29, 1848

31. CALIFORNIA                     September 9, 1850

32. MINNESOTA                     May 11, 1858






33. OREGON                          February 14, 1859

 

1858-1859 was called Many-Navajo-Blankets Winter by one calendar keeper. Made-Peace-With-The-Pawnees Winter by another. 


34. KANSAS                           January 29, 1861

35. WEST VIRGINIA                June 20, 1863

36. NEVADA                           October 31, 1864

37. NEBRASKA                       March 1, 1867

 

Among the Sioux, this span of time was known as They-Killed-100-White-Men-At-Fort-Phil-Kearney Winter. 

 

38. COLORADO                       August 1, 1876

 

Colorado became a state just a few weeks after the Custer Battle took place. No more states were founded for another thirteen years.






 

39. MONTANA                        November 8, 1889

40. NORTH DAKOTA                November 2, 1889

41. SOUTH DAKOTA                November 2, 1889

42. WASHINGTON                  November 11, 1889

43. IDAHO                             July 3, 1890

44. WYOMING                        July 10, 1890

 

Between 1889 and 1890, six states joined the Union in only eight months. Sadly, this was followed five months after by the death of Sitting Bull, and the Wounded Knee Massacre two weeks later. By this time, only one Lakota Winter Count calendar still was kept: Long Soldier's Winter count shows a drawing of Sitting Bull's cabin, the place where he was killed while resisting an unjust arrest. 

 

45. UTAH                               January 4, 1896

46. OKLAHOMA                      November 16, 1907

47. ARIZONA                          February 14, 1912

48. NEW MEXICO                    January 6, 1912

49 ALASKA                             January 3, 1959

50. HAWAII                            August 21, 1959

 



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