Sioux History
and Dates of American Statehood


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This page features points in Sioux history as they coincided with the founding dates of U.S. states. Also shown below is a visual collection of early American flags.

The image shown here is America's first flag, known as the Grand Union flag. It was designed and created in 1777, soon after the signing of the Declaration of Independence.

Subsequent American flags show stars to represent states, and most of them have 13 red and white alternating stripes, to represent the original 13 colonies. 

Scroll down for a list of all 50 states, ranked in order of the date each state was founded. For more Native American history, American culture, American flags and photos, visit any of the links shown on this page. 

 



STATE NAME  ...... FOUNDING DATE

 

1. DELAWARE                December 7, 1787

2. PENNSYLVANIA          December 12, 1787

3. NEW JERSEY              December 18, 1787

4. CONNECTICUT            January 9, 1788

5. GEORGIA                   January 2, 1788

6. MASSACHUSETTS        February 6, 1788

7. MARYLAND                 April 28, 1788

8. SOUTH CAROLINA        May 23, 1788

9. NEW HAMPSHIRE         June 21, 1788

10. VIRGINIA                 June 25, 1788

11. NEW YORK               July 26, 1788

 

The people of early Sioux History referred to years as winters, and measured them from the first snow of one year to the first snow of the following year. The Lakota people named each Winter for an important event that took place during that time. Among one Lakota tribe, the time of the induction of America's first eleven states was known only as Left-the-Heyoka-Man-Behind Winter. 

 

12. NORTH CAROLINA      November 21, 1789

13. RHODE ISLAND         May 29, 1790

14. VERMONT                March 4, 1791




15. KENTUCKY               June 1, 1792

16. TENNESSEE              June 1, 1796

17. OHIO                      March 1, 1803

18. LOUISIANA               April 30, 1812

19. INDIANA                  December 11, 1816

20. MISSISSIPPI             December 10, 1817

21. ILLINOIS                  December 3, 1818

22. ALABAMA                 December 14, 1819

23. MAINE                     March 15, 1820

24. MISSOURI                August 10, 1821

25. ARKANSAS               June 15, 1836

26. MICHIGAN                January 26, 1837

 

According to Sioux History, 1837 was known as Fight-on-Ice Winter, in reference to a slippery but successful battle with the Pawnees on the frozen Platte River.

 

27. FLORIDA                  March 3, 1845

28. TEXAS                     December 29, 1845

29. IOWA                      December 28, 1846

 

To one particular Sioux tribe, the year of 1846 became known as Broke-Out-On-Faces-Had-Sore-Throats Winter.

 

30. WISCONSIN              May 29, 1848

31. CALIFORNIA              September 9, 1850

32. MINNESOTA              May 11, 1858



33. OREGON                  February 14, 1859

 

1858-1859 was called Many-Navajo-Blankets Winter by one calendar keeper. Made-Peace-With-The-Pawnees Winter by another. 


34. KANSAS                   January 29, 1861

35. WEST VIRGINIA         June 20, 1863

36. NEVADA                  October 31, 1864

37. NEBRASKA               March 1, 1867

 

Among the Sioux, this span of time was known as They-Killed-100-White-Men-At-Fort-Phil-Kearney Winter. 

 

38. COLORADO               August 1, 1876

 

Colorado became a state just a few weeks after the Custer Battle took place. No more states were founded for another thirteen years.


 

39. MONTANA                November 8, 1889

40. NORTH DAKOTA        November 2, 1889

41. SOUTH DAKOTA         November 2, 1889

42. WASHINGTON           November 11, 1889

43. IDAHO                     July 3, 1890

44. WYOMING                July 10, 1890

 

Between 1889 and 1890, six states joined the Union in only eight months. Sadly, this was followed five months after by the death of Sitting Bull, and the Wounded Knee Massacre two weeks later. By this time, only one Lakota Winter Count calendar still was kept: Long Soldier's Winter count shows a drawing of Sitting Bull's cabin, the place where he was killed while resisting an unjust arrest. 

 

45. UTAH                      January 4, 1896

46. OKLAHOMA              November 16, 1907

47. ARIZONA                 February 14, 1912

48. NEW MEXICO            January 6, 1912

49 ALASKA                    January 3, 1959

50. HAWAII                   August 21, 1959

 



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